Very few new churches were built in the 18th century except where it was necessary to replace those that fell down. To build a new church required an act of parliament. This was because a parish church minister was supported by tithes on land in the parish and if the parish was split into two … Continue reading Notes on Churches in Higgins’s Time
Shipping merchants received a fixed amount of money from the British government for every convict they transported across the Atlantic. The government only required that convicts were banished – forced labour was not a part of the sentence. However, since the money the merchants received from the government subsidy did not entirely cover the cost … Continue reading The money side of Transportation
Higgins was transported to the American colonies in 1754. I believe convicts and voluntary emigrants were often transported together. The conditions were unlikely to be salubrious. This extract from an account of Gottleb Mittelberger's Journey to Pennsylvania in the Year 1750 and Return to Germany in the year 1754 gives us some idea of conditions … Continue reading The reality of life aboard
In a bid to discover the names of those aboard the Frisby in August 1754, on their way to Maryland, to the land of the free, to be sold into servitude, I hope to source a copy of The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage 1614-1775 by Peter Wilson Coldham, ISBN 0806312211. Until then, I have … Continue reading How many convicts would have kept Higgins company on the Frisby?
This article refers to the arrival of the Frisby laden with goods (as well as convicts). JUST IMPORTED, from Bristol, in the ship Frisby (Captain George Davie): Best Cheshire and Gloucestershire cheese, bottled beer, window glass 8 by 10, Welsh cottons, Kerseys [rough woollen cloth], half thicks [similar to kerseys], rugs and blankets, nails of … Continue reading From the Maryland Gazette #486 Thursday, August 22, 1754
In the mid 18th century, Gentlemen wore a coat, waistcoat, shirt, breeches, stockings, wig and hat. The ideal was a portrayal of nonchalance; of effortless yet fashionable style. Well tailored woollen clothes more suited to outdoor country pursuits were worn except at the most formal of occasions where silks and velvets would have been worn. These less … Continue reading How might Higgins have dressed?